Thermal injury disrupts normal hemostasis and sets off a cascade of everts: cellular alterations and release of inflammatory mediators cause hypovolemic and cellular shock. Fluid resuscitation in burn injuries has been in use for more than a century, and much research has been devoted to development of resuscitation formulas and appropriate choice of fluid. Parameters for adequate monitoring of resuscitation are greatly debated. Current research efforts focus on minimizing burn edema through mediator modulation and on development of definitive endpoints of resuscitation monitoring.

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