Advanced practice nurses are met with the ongoing challenge of using interventions and practices that are evidence based in the care of their patients. Such practices include traditional as well as complementary and alternative therapies. Animal-assisted therapy is an alternative therapeutic modality that can be used to promote quality of life and positive health benefits. This article reviews the theoretical and scientific basis for the use of animal-assisted therapy in patient care. A pilot study in which the effect of fish aquarium animal-assisted therapy on patients’ stress levels was examined is summarized.
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Complementary and Alternative Therapies| February 01 2000
Animal-Assisted Therapy: The Human-Animal Bond
Kathie M. Cole, RN, MN, CCRN;
From the People-Animal Connection Program and the School of Nursing, University of California Los Angeles Medical Center.
Reprint requests to Kathie M. Cole, Director, People-Animal Connection Program, UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (2000) 11 (1): 139–149.
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Kathie M. Cole, Anna Gawlinski; Animal-Assisted Therapy: The Human-Animal Bond. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 February 2000; 11 (1): 139–149. doi:
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