Parenteral nutrition (PN) is one of the most sophisticated forms of intravenous therapy in use today. Intravenous feeding is a life-saving technology for patients unable to maintain their nutritional status using the gastrointestinal tract. Although PN has become an integral component of patient care, the risks associated with this therapy must be weighed against the potential benefits. Comprehensive clinical management includes selection of candidates, implementation and monitoring of therapy, and ensuring a seamless transition when PN is no longer required. Optimal parenteral nutrition demands expertise in caring for vascular access devices. A collaborative approach to care minimizes the risks associated with PN and ensures positive patient outcomes.

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