Fibromyalgia (FM) is a costly and debilitating pain syndrome which is commonly encountered by advanced practice nurses working in acute care settings. Fibromyalgia affects nearly 6 million people in the United States, approximately 80% to 90% of whom are women. Symptoms of FM include widespread and localized pain, disrupted sleep, fatigue, visceral pain and other pain syndromes, neurological symptoms (eg, dizziness, numbness, tingling, impaired cognition), and exercise-induced pain. Difficulties remaining active with FM may lead to extreme deconditioning, inability to remain employed, and eventually even impaired ability in complete activities of daily living. Exercise that combats deconditioning without triggering pain is, therefore, a key component in treating FM. Clinicians who understand FM pain and associated symptoms can minimize the negative impact of deconditioning by prescribing disease-specific exercise for people with FM.

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