Poor nutritional intake during critical illness can contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. Although nutrition strategies for critically ill patients attempt to provide essential macronutrients, recent evidence suggests that certain micronutrients and supplements may improve wound healing and decrease infectious and inflammatory complications. This review will focus on mechanism of action, adverse effects and drug interactions reported in the literature, and appropriate dosing and outcomes data for specific nutritional supplements in various critically ill adult populations.
Nutritional Supplements in Critical Illness
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Genevieve Luehrs Hayes, Brian P. McKinzie, Wendy Moore Bullington, Tanna B. Cooper, Nicole Ann Pilch; Nutritional Supplements in Critical Illness. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 October 2011; 22 (4): 301–316. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/NCI.0b013e31822c371b
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