A patient-reported outcome (PRO) is a report or assessment of the status of a patient’s health or health care experience that comes directly from the patient. One common example used in acute and progressive care settings is the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, which assesses patients’ satisfaction with care in the hospital setting. Beyond providing a measure of satisfaction with previously delivered care, the broad array of available PROs represents a compendium of valuable tools for identifying patients’ future expectations for health-related goals, health engagement, or expectations for communication with health care providers, for example. Nationally, the Patient-Centered Outcome Research Institute has led the way in encouraging patients to engage actively with their health care team, in part through PRO surveys that ascertain, measure, score, or prioritize individual-level health beliefs, health goals, symptom perceptions, satisfaction with...

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