Head trauma in the pediatric population older than 1 year occurs in approximately 100,00 children per year, resulting in 250,000 to 500,000 hospitalizations annually. Head trauma accounts for 80% of all trauma deaths. The pathophysiology and management of severe pediatric head trauma is discussed. Traumatic injury to the central nervous system, its sequelae, and approaches to maximize cerebral resuscitation and stabilization are reviewed

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