Optimal control of blood glucose requires a balance of diet, exercise, and in some cases, medications. Many factors can cause a state of imbalance, resulting in extremes of glucose control. Hypoglycemia is defined generally as a blood glucose level lower than 50 mg/dL. Although the causes of hypoglycemic episodes are diverse, the management is always aimed at normalizing the plasma glucose concentration. Treatment ranges from simple carbohydrate ingestion in mild to moderate cases to intravenous administration of glucose when the reaction is severe and loss of consciousness occurs. Recognition of warning signs and prompt treatment is essential in all cases
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Endocrine Disorders| May 01 1992
Kathryn Mulcahy, RN, MSN, CDE
From the International Diabetes Center of Virginia, Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church.
Correspondence to Kathryn Mulcahy, RN, MSN, CDE, Director, International Diabetes Center of Virginia, Fairfax Hospital, 3300 Gallows Rd., Falls Church, VA 22046.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1992) 3 (2): 361–369.
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Kathryn Mulcahy; Hypoglycemic Emergencies. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 May 1992; 3 (2): 361–369. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/15597768-1992-2008
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