Pain relief in the intensive care unit (ICU) is of particular concern since patients are exposed to multiple painful stimuli associated with care procedures. Considering the adverse effects of pharmacological approaches, particularly in vulnerable populations such as the elderly, the use of non-pharmacological interventions has recently been recommended in the context of critical care. The main goal of this scoping review was to systematically map the research done on non-pharmacological interventions for pain management in ICU adults and describe the characteristics of these interventions. A wide variety of non-pharmacological interventions have been tested, with music and massage therapies being the most frequently used. An interesting new trend is the use of combined or bundle interventions. Lastly, it was observed that these interventions have not been studied in specific subgroups, such as the elderly, women, and patients unable to self-report.

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