Preparing for disasters both natural and anthropogenic requires assessment of risk through hazard vulnerability analysis and formulation of facility and critical care–specific disaster plans. Disaster surge conditions often require movement from conventional to contingency or crisis-level operations to meet the needs of the many under our care. Predisaster planning for modification of critical care space, staffing, and supplies is essential to successful execution of operations during a surge. Expansion of intensive care unit beds to nonconventional units such as perioperative areas, general care units, and even external temporary units may be necessary. Creative, tiered staffing models as well as just-in-time education of noncritical care clinicians and support staff are important to multiply capable personnel under surge conditions. Finally, anticipation of demand for key equipment and supplies is essential to maintain stockpiles, establish supply chains, and sustain operations under prolonged disaster scenarios.

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