To reduce the incidence of medical device-related pressure injuries associated with tracheostomies performed with the percutaneous dilation technique using a standardized multidisciplinary intervention.
The intervention was developed using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Preventing Pressure Injuries Toolkit. A fenestrated polyurethane foam dressing was sutured in place under the tracheostomy flange during insertion to reduce the risk of medical device-related pressure injuries. The sutures were removed in pairs over a period of 7 to 10 days.
Comparison of data from 2018 to 2021 demonstrated a decrease in the incidence of tracheostomy medical device-related pressure injuries from 13% to 0% in the first year, which was maintained for the following 3 years. This improvement was supported by electronic medical record audits, daily interdisciplinary rounds, weekly practice assessments, and primary nurse evaluations.
Implementation of a standardized process, supported by an interdisciplinary clinical team, can reduce medical device-related pressure injuries among patients undergoing percutaneous dilation tracheostomy.