Critical care nurses frequently are involved in obtaining cardiac output measurements and in using these data to assess and to plan therapy. This article reviews the physiologic determinants of cardiac output and the clinical factors that influence these determinants. Principles and techniques of common methods of cardiac output measurement are discussed. A thorough presentation of guidelines for troubleshooting problems with thermodilution cardiac output measurement is provided in a table. Nursing management issues are discussed using relevant nursing research. Future considerations in cardiac output measurement are discussed, and suggestions of an ideal cardiac output system are provided
Physiologic Monitoring| February 01 1993
Cardiac Output Determination
Susan L. Woods, PhD, RN;
From the Department of Physiological Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle.
Reprint requests to Susan L. Woods, PhD, RN, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1993) 4 (1): 81–97.
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Susan L. Woods, Susan Osguthorpe; Cardiac Output Determination. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 February 1993; 4 (1): 81–97. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/15597768-1993-1008
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