The quest for the ideal cardiac valve substitute represents a highly categorized goal for the cardiac surgical community. Ongoing research has resulted in the development and creation of multiple newer heart valves and techniques for valve repair. Each of the many valves commercially available possesses a wide array of features. With the expansion of research investigations, improvement in long-term management can be translated and incorporated directly into patient care. As valvular replacement and repair/reconstruction surgery become more commonplace, it is paramount for nurses to be knowledgeable regarding the critical components of care

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