Inhalation injury remains a primary determinant of patient survival, with 60% to 70% of burn center fatalities attributed to the pulmonary complications of inhalation injury. Substantial airway damage and pulmonary complications can result from the inhalation of toxic fumes and gases found in smoke. Partial to complete airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, and progressive pulmonary failure may occur. Early diagnosis of inhalation injury and vigorous pulmonary care and support arc vitally important to patient survival. Bronchoscopy and xenon 133 ventilation-perfusion scans are two of the newer diagnostic tools used to identify burn patients with inhalation injury. Treatment measures for patients with inhalation injury and recommendations for nursing practice are discussed
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Burn Care| May 01 1993
Gretchen J. Carrougher, MN, RN
From the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio School of Nursing, San Antonio, Texas.
Reprint requests to Gretchen J. Carrougher, MN, RN, 16226 Deer Crest, San Antonio, TX 78248.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1993) 4 (2): 367–377.
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Gretchen J. Carrougher; Inhalation Injury. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 May 1993; 4 (2): 367–377. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/15597768-1993-2014
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