Inhalation injury remains a primary determinant of patient survival, with 60% to 70% of burn center fatalities attributed to the pulmonary complications of inhalation injury. Substantial airway damage and pulmonary complications can result from the inhalation of toxic fumes and gases found in smoke. Partial to complete airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, and progressive pulmonary failure may occur. Early diagnosis of inhalation injury and vigorous pulmonary care and support arc vitally important to patient survival. Bronchoscopy and xenon 133 ventilation-perfusion scans are two of the newer diagnostic tools used to identify burn patients with inhalation injury. Treatment measures for patients with inhalation injury and recommendations for nursing practice are discussed

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.