Malnutrition in critically ill patients is caused by inadequate intake, absorption, and/or utilization of nutrients with a frequently compounding increased metabolic need. The nurse plays a pivotal role in the identification of patients at risk for nutritional deficits and collaborates with appropriate resources to obtain a comprehensive nutritional assessment and the required nutritional care. A five-step approach to nutritional support is presented and applied to three clinical situations. Through the use of a systematic decision-making process, the critical care practitioner ensures that patients receive adequate nutritional support for optimal organ function
Nutritional| May 01 1994
Nutritional Support Strategies: A Case Study Approach
Patricia J. Posa, RN, BSN, CCRN
From Nursing and Professional Support Services, Sharp Memorial and Cabrillo Hospitals San Diego, California.
Reprint requests to Patricia J. Posa, RN, BSN. CCRN. Director of Nursing and Professional Support Services, Sharp Memorial and Cabrillo Hospitals, 7901 Frost St., San Diego, CA 92123/
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1994) 5 (4): 436-442.
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Patricia J. Posa; Nutritional Support Strategies: A Case Study Approach. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 May 1994; 5 (4): 436–442. doi: https://doi.org/
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