Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common complication of trauma and critical illness. Despite medical advances, the mortality associated with this disease process remains consistently around 50%. Extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA) is a therapeutic alternative to conventional mechanical ventilation. This therapy removes all or a substantial percentage of total body carbon dioxide production, allowing for much lower ventilator Support and facilitating “lung rest”. Although the use of ECLA is controversial, it represents a viable option for patients with severe respiratory failure
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Trauma| May 01 1995
Extracorporeal Lung Assist in the Adult Trauma Patient
Christine A. Cottingham, RN, MS, CCRN;
From the Extracorporeal Lung Assist Program, Multi-Trauma Critical Care Unit, R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, Maryland.
Reprint requests to Christine A. Cottingham, RN, MS, CCRN, The Rhode Island Hospital, Middle House 1, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1995) 6 (2): 229–241.
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Christine A. Cottingham, Nader M. Habashi; Extracorporeal Lung Assist in the Adult Trauma Patient. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 May 1995; 6 (2): 229–241. doi:
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