The elderly are the fastest-growing segment of society, and heart disease is the single-most common cause of death in this population. In this article, age-related structural end functional changes that occur in the heart are discussed, including changes in the heart muscle, valves, conduction system and major arteries. Coronary artery disease affects half of those older than 65, resulting in acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, dysrhythmias, congestive heart failure and sudden death. Each of these is discussed, including altered presentation in the elderly and implications for practice derived from national and international studies
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Ischemic Heart Disease| August 01 1995
The Heart of Aging: Special Challenges of Cardiac Ischemic Disease and Failure in the Elderly
Gwenneth A. Jensen, RN, MN;
From the Nursing/Geriatric Health Institute, Sioux Valley Hospital, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Reprint requests to Gwenneth A. Jensen, RN, MN, Nursing/Geriatric Health Institute, Sioux Valley Hospital, 1100 S. Euclid, Sioux Falls, SD 57105.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1995) 6 (3): 471–481.
Gwenneth A. Jensen, Doreen S. Miller; The Heart of Aging: Special Challenges of Cardiac Ischemic Disease and Failure in the Elderly. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 August 1995; 6 (3): 471–481. doi:
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