Intravascular therapy is essential in the care of acutely ill infants and children, but it is not without risks. The purpose of this article is to discuss potential intravascular, extravascular, and systemic complications related to peripheral and central intravascular therapy in infants and children. The formation of thrombi, infiltration, and sepsis are the most common complications, Less common complications are phlebitis, arterial spasm, catheter retention, catheter embolus, air emboli, dysrhythmias, and hemorrhage. Financial implications of long-term negative outcomes and nursing liability are. discussed, and a proposed standard of preventative nursing care for intravascular therapy is presented
Preventing Negative Outcomes of Acute Illness in Children| February 01 1998
Negative Outcomes of Intravascular Therapy in Infants and Children
Linda A. Wynsma, RN, MSN
From the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, California Hospital Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.
Reprint requests to Linda A. Wynsma, RN, MSN, Neonatal Clinical Nurse Specialist, California Hospital Medical Center, 1401 S. Grand Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90015.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1998) 9 (1): 49–63.
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Linda A. Wynsma; Negative Outcomes of Intravascular Therapy in Infants and Children. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 February 1998; 9 (1): 49–63. doi:
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