Current management of chronic heart failure involves reducing the personal and economic burden through controlling symptoms reducing hospital admissions and slowing the progression of ventricular dysfunction. As healthcare provides struggle to control the rising costs of health and illness care while reducing morbidity and mortality rates associated with chronic illness alternative practice models must be evaluated. This article describes a collaborative practice model designed to improve care of older adults with chronic heart failure. Strengths of the model include the use of evidence-based guidelines for heart failure management and for organization of the practice
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Heart Failure| May 01 1998
Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Outpatient
Barbara S. Levine, PhD, ARNP, CS ;
*From the University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington, and the University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Washington.
Reprint requests to Anne Bernard, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, 101 Columbia, Aliso Viejo, CA 92656.
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AACN Adv Crit Care (1998) 9 (2): 257–267.
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Barbara S. Levine, Margaret L. Hall; Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Outpatient. AACN Adv Crit Care 1 May 1998; 9 (2): 257–267. doi:
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