Anxiety Is Not Manifested By Elevated Heart Rate and Blood Pressure In Acutely Ill Cardiac Patients

De Jong M, Moser D, An K, Chung M. University of Kentucky, College of Nursing, Lexington, Ky.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether heart rate and blood pressure were related to level of anxiety at the time of measurement in patients with chronic advanced heart failure (HF), patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and healthy individuals. Background/Significance: Patients with AMI and HF are often anxious. Anxiety after AMI may cause increased mortality and in-hospital complications such as ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, ischemia, and rein-farction. Clinicians often use heart rate and blood pressure as indicators of anxiety; however, little is known about whether these measures accurately reflect anxiety in acutely ill patients. Methods: For purposes of this descriptive, correlational investigation,...

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