Inflammation is an active process in atherogenic vasculature. Atherosclerosis is no longer considered the result of passive endothelial injury and lipid infiltration. Both local and systemic markers give evidence that atherosclerosis is an active inflammatory state that has no regard for age. Although prevention of atherosclerosis is multifactorial, nevertheless regular exercise is therapeutic and a deterrent.

  1. Which one of the various screening tests is the most accurate in predicting the risks of an impending cardiovascular (CV) event?

    • plasma D-dimer

    • interleukin-6 (IL-6)

    • high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)

    • tumor necrosis factor (TNF)

    • cardiac troponin

    • pregnancy-associated plasma protein A

  2. The systemic response to inflammation, the acute phase response (APR), is measured by an increase in which of the following?

    • fibrinolysis

    • plasma proteins (fibrinogen, IL-6)

    • interleukin inhibitors

    • CRP

  3. CRP is a marker for which of the following?

    • serum hepatitis

    • metastatic disease

    • acute regional ileitis...

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