Family members of all patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and invasive procedures should be given the option of being present at the bedside, but only 5% of critical care units in the United States have written policies allowing family presence.
Ensure that your healthcare facility has written policies and procedures that support family presence during CPR and invasive procedures. Include the following components in new policies, procedures, and educational programs:
Benefits of family presence for the patient and family.
Criteria for assessing the family to ensure uninterrupted patient care.
Role of the family facilitator (eg, nurses, physicians, social workers, chaplains) in preparing families for being at the bedside and supporting them before, during, and after the event.
Support for the patient’s or family members’ decision not to have family members present.
Contraindications to family presence (eg, family members who...