Evidence-based nursing and medicine is a desirable goal only to the extent that the evidence base is complete and unbiased. Clinical trials and other types of research studies should be reported in the literature whether or not outcomes are positive.1 In a study reported in this issue, Horn and colleagues2 provide a comprehensive description of procedures used to design, implement, and evaluate a smoking cessation intervention.

In their study, a brief motivational tobacco intervention (MTI) was targeted at adolescent smokers during visits to an emergency department. The focus of the report is not on smoking cessation, the desired outcome, but on the description of the processes of delivering and evaluating the intervention. The authors assessed feasibility, which includes how many potential participants were reached by the intervention; implementation fidelity, which documents if the program was implemented as...

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