Collaborative practice behavior is a concern for healthcare providers and administrators, because it is associated with positive outcomes for both patients and staff in the intensive care unit. Despite the documented benefits derived from collaborative practice, it remains the exception rather than the dominant pattern for nurse-physician interactions. National concern for quality care and rising healthcare costs mandates that collaborative practice behaviors between nurses and physicians replace competition as the means for resolving differences. The purpose of this article is to describe collaborative practice, propose a theoretical framework for collaborative practice and discuss the development, implementation and evaluation of a collaborative practice model.

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