To examine the conflicting perceptions that health care professionals hold regarding family presence during pediatric resuscitation.
In phase 1, 137 health care professionals completed a 23-item questionnaire about their views on family presence and their perceptions of their opponents’ views on family presence. In phase 2, 12 phase 1 respondents were interviewed about the effects that family presence may have on patients’ families and on trauma teams.
All respondents indicated that legal concerns and risks were important factors during family presence; however, respondents in favor of family presence believed that legal concerns and risks were minimized when patients’ families were present whereas respondents who were opposed believed the opposite. Respondents who were opposed assumed that respondents who were in favor of family presence were less sympathetic and concerned about families, trauma teams, and health care providers; respondents in favor of family presence assumed that respondents who were opposed were overly preoccupied with legal concerns and potential risks involved with family presence during pediatric resuscitations. All respondents believed that patients’ families and trauma teams are affected by family presence. Specifically, respondents in favor of family presence believed that families and trauma team members are positively affected whereas opponents believed the opposite.
These findings provide a deeper understanding of the views of health care professionals and how these views might affect the delivery of family-centered care.