In 2009 the four largest professional societies involved in critical care in the United States—the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM)—formally established the Critical Care Societies Collaborative (CCSC) to explore common issues. At that time, in spite of the importance of critical care, there was no consensus on the agenda for critical care research in the United States. To overcome deficiencies in the conduct and expansion of critical care research, experts from each of the four CCSC component societies joined with a successful clinical research collaborative, the US Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group (USCIITG), and formed the Multisociety Strategic Planning Task Force for Critical Care Research. The task force was charged with defining a comprehensive agenda for critical care research based upon...

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