In the past, tradition has not supported family presence during resuscitation efforts or during performance of invasive procedures. However, there is very little hard evidence to support this tradition. Research and evidence now tell us that including families, when appropriate, and providing them with the proper support during these experiences can have positive outcomes for the patient, family, and health care in general. This is not to say that all family members should be present during every situation. These decisions must be based on patient and family preference and availability of personnel to support the family.