Research in human coronary heart disease has been conducted primarily on males; however, investigators have begun to focus research efforts on female subjects as well. A literature review that identified studies on women and coronary heart disease was done to describe modifiable risk factors for coronary heart disease in women. Several modifiable risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, and disorders of lipid metabolism previously identified for men are also risk factors for women. However, the mechanisms by which some of these risk factors work in women are different from those in men. Moreover, women have additional risk factors related to menopause and, in some cases, the use of oral contraceptives. Significant initial information has been gained concerning women and coronary heart disease risk factors. However, gaps persist in information regarding the individual and synergistic effects of risk factors for CHD in women.

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