Weaning from venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support fails in 30% to 70% of patients.
To explore the utility of echocardiographic parameters in predicting successful disconnection from VA-ECMO.
Patients receiving VA-ECMO in a referral hospital were included. The relationships between echocardiographic parameters during the weaning trial and weaning success (survival > 24 hours after VA-ECMO explant and no death from cardiogenic shock, heart failure, or cardiac arrest during the hospital stay) and survival were evaluated.
Of 85 patients included, 61% had successful weaning. Parameters significantly related to weaning success were higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; 40% in patients with weaning success vs 30% in patients with weaning failure, P = .01), left ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral (15 cm vs 11 cm, P = .01), aortic valve opening in every cycle (98% vs 91% of patients, P = .01), and normal qualitative right ventricular function (60% vs 42% of patients, P = .02). The LVEF remained as an independent predictor of weaning success (hazard ratio, 0.938; 95% CI, 0.888-0.991; P = .02). An LVEF >33.4% was the optimal cutoff value to discriminate patients with successful weaning (area under the curve, 0.808; sensitivity, 93%; specificity, 72%) and was related to higher survival at discharge (60% vs 20%, P < .001).
Among weaning trial echocardiographic parameters, LVEF was the only independent predictor of successful VA-ECMO weaning. An LVEF >33.4% was the optimal cutoff value to discriminate patients with successful weaning and was related to final survival.