Mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic infection caused by ubiquitous fungi typically found in soil, spoiled foods, bread, and dust. The acute infection most commonly is rhinocerebral and is associated with metabolic acidosis. Mucormycosis spreads quickly and can progress from the paranasal area to the brain in a few days. In the case presented, a young diabetic woman had diabetic ketoacidosis and classic signs and symptoms of mucormycosis. Even after aggressive and appropriate treatment with surgical debridement and IV administration of amphotericin B, the fungus invaded the central nervous system. This article discusses current methods of treating mucormycosis and important critical care nursing considerations for patients who have the infection.

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