BACKGROUND: This study is the third in a series of investigations on the requisite length of time that patients should be restricted to bed after coronary arteriography or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty using a femoral artery approach. METHODS: A prospective, experimental-control group design with randomization was used initially to compare the incidence of bleeding between patients who remained in bed for 4 hours and patients who remained in bed for 6 hours after sheath removal following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. RESULTS: Rapid changes in the healthcare environment led to nurses collecting complete data sets for the experimental group only. The experimental group (n = 51) was 73% male and 27% female; mean age was 57 years (SD = 11.4 years). Mean time in bed was 4.1 hours (SD = 0.27 hours). Most patients (98%) did not bleed from the femoral artery access site after remaining in bed for 4 hours following sheath removal. Ninety-two percent of patients required analgesics while in bed. Mean length of stay after the angioplasty was 1.4 days (SD = 0.79 days). Bleeding occurred in one subject and was related to multiple invasive procedures and an activated clotting time of greater than 200 seconds. CONCLUSIONS: Requisite time in bed after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has been reduced to 4 hours at the University of Virginia Medical Center, the same time required for patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Discomfort after the procedure remains to be addressed.
Reducing time in bed after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (TIBS III)
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AW Keeling, CA Fisher, KH Haugh, ER Powers, MS Turner; Reducing time in bed after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (TIBS III). Am J Crit Care 1 May 2000; 9 (3): 185–187. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2000.9.3.185
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