Background The effect of delirium on physical function in patients undergoing noncardiac thoracic surgery has not been well described and may differ from that in other surgical populations. Objective To determine the effects of delirium on muscle strength and functional independence. The primary end point was change in Medical Research Council sum score (MRC-SS) by delirium status. Methods A secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial involving English-speaking adults aged 18 years or older who were undergoing major noncardiac thoracic surgery. Exclusion criteria were history of schizophrenia, Parkinson disease, dementia, alcohol abuse, or neuroleptic malignant syndrome; haloperidol allergy; being pregnant or nursing; QT prolongation; and taking levodopa or cholinesterase inhibitors. Delirium was assessed twice daily using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit. Preoperatively and postoperatively, muscle strength was assessed using the modified MRC-SS and functional independence was assessed using the Katz scale of activities of daily living. Changes in MRC-SS and Katz score by delirium status were analyzed using the Fisher exact test. Results Seventy-three patients were included in the analysis. Median (interquartile range) MRC-SS and Katz score before surgery did not differ significantly between patients without and with delirium (MRC-SS: 30 [30-30] vs 30 [30-30], P > .99; Katz score: 6 [6-6] vs 6 [6-6], P = .63). The percentage of patients with a change in MRC-SS was similar in patients without and with delirium (17% vs 13%, respectively; P > .99). More patients in the delirium group had a change in Katz score (13% vs 0%, P = .04). Conclusions Postoperative delirium was not associated with change in muscle strength. Follow-up studies using other muscle measures may be needed.
Background Post–intensive care syndrome is defined as the long-term cognitive, physical, and psychological impairments due to critical illness. Objective To validate the self-report version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor as a clinical tool for detecting post–intensive care syndrome. Methods A total of 142 patients who survived a stay in an intensive care unit completed the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor Self-report and standardized assessments of cognition, psychological symptoms, and physical functioning. Cronbach α was used to measure the internal consistency of the scale items. Validity between the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor and comparison tests was measured by using Spearman correlation coefficients. Patients with post–intensive care syndrome were compared with a sample of primary care patients (known groups validity) by using the Mann-Whitney test. General linear models were used to adjust for age, sex, and education level. Results The total scale and all subscales had good to excellent internal consistency (Cronbach α, 0.83-0.92). Scores on the psychological subscale strongly correlated with standardized measures of psychological symptoms (Spearman correlation coefficient, 0.68-0.74). Results on the cognitive subscale correlated with the delayed memory measure (−0.51). Scores on the physical subscale correlated with the Physical Self-Maintenance Scale (−0.26). Patients with post–intensive care syndrome had significantly worse scores on subscales and total scores on the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor than did primary care patients. Conclusion The self-report version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor is a valid clinical tool for assessing symptoms of post–intensive care syndrome.