Improved hemodynamics and blood flow have been reported in patients with IABPs who experience cardiopulmonary arrest and require CPR. The following research questions, however, remain unanswered: Is there a more effective method of using IABP to prevent cardiac arrest and the need for CPR? Is the timing of balloon inflation and deflation the same for patients undergoing CPR as it is for patients who do not require CPR? Would earlier or later inflation or deflation further enhance cerebral or systemic blood flow? What are the most effective ways for healthcare staff to maintain competency skills in CPR in patients with IABPs?