In sum, much more needs to be known about the issue of transplantation in HIV-infected patients before the current state of extremely limited access to transplantation for these patients can be medically and ethically justified. Approaches to remedy this situation may include well-designed outcome studies; revision of existing local, regional, and national policies to better reflect the current state of knowledge; and education of clinicians, patients, and the public about this topic. Nurses can effect change in this area as informed clinicians, patients' advocates, researchers, and policy makers.

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