In the treatment of intracranial hypertension, intracranial pressure monitoring and waveform analysis enable real-time evaluation of alterations in cerebral physiology, facilitating rapid intervention and optimal outcomes.

Intracranial hypertension can lead to potentially catastrophic consequences,11 including permanent neurological damage and disability. Intracranial hypertension may be due to central nervous system infection, brain edema, cerebral hemorrhage or ischemic injury, or brain trauma. Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; it accounted for 50000 deaths in 1998.22 Fatality may not result from the immediate traumatic or hemorrhagic injury; rather, progressive damage to brain tissue may develop over time.33 Brain damage becomes even more progressive if intracranial hypertension is a consequence of injury.44 Astute nursing assessment and early, aggressive resuscitation of critically ill patients may prolong life. With brain trauma, the...

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