Septic shock is one of the most feared medical conditions. The authors focus on the cardiovascular aspects of septic shock, including a review of cardiovascular pathophysiology and recommendations for state-of-the-art cardiovascular monitoring and treatment options.

Septic shock is one of the most feared medical conditions. Mortality due to severe sepsis is approximately 29%, with 215000 deaths each year (comparable to the number of deaths due to acute myocardial infarction).11,22 The keys to decreasing the mortality include early recognition of septic shock, resolution of the inflammatory response, elimination of the causative organism, and provision of supportive care.33–,77 In this article, we focus on the cardiovascular aspects of septic shock, including a review of cardiovascular pathophysiology and recommendations for state-of-the-art cardiovascular monitoring and treatment options.

Shock is an imbalance between oxygen supply...

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