The planning, implementation, and evaluation process of a successful rapid response team.

Hospitals throughout the United States have been implementing rapid response teams (RRTs), also referred to as medical emergency teams. In 1995, Lee et al11 published one of the first descriptions of the outcomes of using an RRT. In 1999, Goldhill et al22 reported that implementation of an RRT was associated with a 26% reduction in cardiac arrests before patients were transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). In 2000, Bristow et al33 compared 1 hospital that had an RRT with 2 other hospitals that had conventional cardiac arrest teams. In that study, the hospital with the RRT had fewer unanticipated ICU admissions and a lower death rate for patients who did not have “do not resuscitate” orders than did the other hospitals. In 2002, Buist...

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