Therapeutic temperature modulation, which incorporates mild hypothermia and maintenance of normothermia, is being used to manage patients resuscitated after cardiac arrest. Methods of modulating temperature include intravenous infusion of cold fluids and surface or endovascular cooling. During this therapy, the shiver response is activated as a defense mechanism in response to an altered set-point temperature and causes metabolic and hemodynamic stress for patients. Recognition of shivering according to objective and subjective assessments is vital for early detection of the condition. Once shivering is detected, treatment is imperative to avoid deleterious effects. The Bedside Shivering Assessment Scale can be used to determine the efficacy of interventions intended to blunt thermoregulatory defenses and can provide continual evaluation of patients’ responses to the interventions. Nurses’ knowledge and understanding of the harmful effects of shivering are important to effect care and prevent injury associated with uncontrolled shivering.

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