Contrast-induced nephropathy is an iatrogenic disease caused by the administration of iodinated contrast material to certain at-risk patients. The clinical features include renal failure, with oliguria, anuria, and electrolyte derangements. Contrast-induced nephropathy can prolong hospitalization, result in greater morbidity and mortality, and increase patients’ costs. A variety of preventive and treatment strategies exist, including use of alternative imaging. Critical care nurses need to understand the nephropathy and the patients at risk and to develop a familiarity with prevention, treatment, and outcome.

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