Carol Rauen,rn, ms, ccns, ccrn, pccn, cen, rn-bc, the department editor, is an independent clinical nurse specialist in The Outer Banks of North Carolina. Carol welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at


Kirtley Ceballos,msn, rnc-nic, pcns-bc, clinical nurse specialist in the neonatal intensive care unit at University of Colorado Hospital, University of Colorado Health, Colorado Institute for Maternal Fetal Health, Aurora, Colorado, contributed the pediatric CCRN questions.


Steve Risch,rn, msn, ccrn, ccns, a critical care clinical nurse specialist at Holy Cross Hospital, Silver Spring, Maryland, contributed the adult CCRN questions.


Thirty years ago this month (February 1985) I took the CCRN exam. Achieving and maintaining my critical care certification is one of the accomplishments, in my 34 years as a critical care nurse, of which I am most proud. Many of the nurses who are...

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