Evidence is mounting that family presence during resuscitation and invasive procedures is beneficial to patients and their families. Meeting psychosocial needs in a time of crisis exemplifies care driven by the needs of patients and their families.

  1. Family members of all patients undergoing resuscitation and invasive procedures should be given the option to be present at the bedside per the patient’s wishes. (Family members are those individuals defined by the patient, or in the case of a minor or those without decision-making capacity, by their surrogates. Family members may be relatives or significant others who provide support and with whom the patient shares a significant relationship.) [level B]

  2. All patient-care units should have an approved written practice document (ie, policy, procedure, or standard of care) for presenting the option of family presence during resuscitation and bedside invasive procedures, including the roles...

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