Esophageal balloons are used in the respiratory monitoring of critical care patients. After the esophageal pressure is measured, the corresponding pleural pressure in the thorax can be projected, enabling lung-thorax compliance to be partitioned into chest-wall compliance and lung compliance. The esophageal balloon allows determination of transpulmonary pressures and a correspondingly individually tailored approach to respiratory care, such as patient-specific titration of positive end-expiratory pressure for patients with extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome. Esophageal balloon monitoring provides critical information for selecting ventilation strategies to use in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Feature| October 01 2016
Esophageal Pressure Measurements in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Grace Hofmann, RRT;
Lutana Haan, MHS, RRT, RPSGT;
Lutana Haan is an assistant professor in the respiratory care program at Boise State University.
Corresponding author: Lutana Haan, mhs, rrt, rpsgt, Boise State University, Health Sciences Riverside, HSR 116, 950 Lusk, Boise, ID 83725 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
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Crit Care Nurse (2016) 36 (5): 27–35.
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Grace Hofmann, Lutana Haan, Jeff Anderson; Esophageal Pressure Measurements in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurse 1 October 2016; 36 (5): 27–35. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/ccn2016917
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