Carol Rauen, rn-bc, ms, ccrn, pccn, cen, the department editor, is an independent clinical nurse specialist in The Outer Banks of North Carolina and a staff nurse in the burn trauma intensive care unit at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital in Virginia. She wrote CCRN question 5. Carol welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at


Maranda Jackson-Parkin, rn, phd, crnp-bc, ccns, ccrn-k, is an assistant professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing in Baltimore, Maryland, and wrote CCRN review questions 1 through 4.


Carol Jacobson, rn, mn, Karen M. Marzlin, rn, dnp, ccns, ccrn-cmc, chfn, and Cynthia L. Webner, rn, dnp, ccns, ccrn-cmc, chfn, are members of Cardiovascular Nursing Education Associates (CNEA), authors of Cardiovascular Nursing Practice: A Comprehensive Resource Manual and Study Guide for Clinical Nurses, and wrote the...

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