Carol Rauen, rn-bc, ms, ccrn, pccn, cen, the department editor, is an independent clinical nurse specialist. Carol welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at


Sara Knippa, rn, ms, cns, ccrn, pccn, accns-ag, is clinical nurse specialist/educator in the cardiac intensive care unit at University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado. She co-facilitated the PCCN review course at NTI 2016 in New Orleans. She wrote the introduction and the adult CCRN review questions.


Cynthia A. Clark, ms, cpnp-ac, pediatric critical care nurse practitioner, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, wrote the pediatric CCRN practice questions.


What is the thing in your life that you want to do, but are not doing? Are you talking yourself out of it? For example,...

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