Carol Rauen, rn-bc, ms, ccrn, pccn, cen, the department editor, is an independent clinical nurse specialist from St Augustine Beach, Florida. She wrote the CCRN review questions. Carol welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at [email protected].


Lisa M. Soltis, msn, aprn, pccn, ccrn-csc-cmc, ccns, is a clinical nurse specialist in cardiovascular surgery, UNC Rex Healthcare, Raleigh, North Carolina, and an education specialist in critical care, Med Ed, Inc, Charlotte, North Carolina. She wrote the CSC review questions.


It is said that “April showers bring May flowers.” I see this statement falling into the same category of clichés as “it is always darkest before the dawn,” “there is no such thing as a free lunch,” and “no pain, no gain.” It seems there are an endless...

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