Carol Rauen,rn-bc, ms, ccrn, pccn, cen, the department co-editor, is an independent clinical nurse specialist from St Augustine Beach, Florida. Carol welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at


Sara Knippa,rn, ms, cns, ccrn, pccn, accns-ag, the department co-editor, is clinical nurse specialist/educator in the cardiac intensive care unit at University of Colorado Hospital. Sara wrote the adult CCRN review questions


Carol Jacobson,rn, mn, Karen M. Marzlin,rn, dnp, ccns, ccrn-cmc, chfn, and Cynthia L. Webner,rn, dnp, ccns, ccrn-cmc, chfn, are members of Cardiovascular Nursing Education Associates (CNEA) and the authors of Cardiovascular Nursing Practice: A Comprehensive Resource Manual and Study Guide for Clinical Nurses. Carol, Karen, and Cynthia wrote...

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