Despite improvements in surgical technique and medical management, single-ventricle lesions remain one of the most challenging congenital heart anomalies to treat, and mortality rates are high. Most infants who have single-ventricle palliation undergo a sequence of surgeries to optimize pulmonary and systemic blood flow. The first surgery to separate pulmonary and systemic blood flow is the bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt. This article describes single-ventricle lesions and gives a basic overview of outcomes and strategies to improve interstage mortality. Preoperative investigations that evaluate stage II candidacy are reviewed along with surgical approaches and postoperative physiology. Although mortality rates are low and decreasing in patients with bidirectional cavopulmonary shunts, morbidity is still a challenge. Nurses must understand the pertinent anatomy and physiology and recognize postoperative complications early in order to reduce morbidity. Postoperative complications, management, outcomes and nursing care are discussed.
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Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery| December 01 2017
Understanding Stage II Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunts
Cecilia St. George-Hyslop, RN, BScN, MEd, CNCCP(C);
Cecilia St. George-Hyslop is an interprofessional education specialist in the cardiac critical care unit, Labatt Family Heart Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Corresponding author: Cecilia St. George-Hyslop, rn, bscn, med, cnccp (c), Labatt Family Heart Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X8 (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
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Jennifer Thomas, RN(EC), BScN, MN, NP-Paeds;
Linda G. Fazari, RN(EC), BScN, MN, NP-Paeds
Crit Care Nurse (2017) 37 (6): 59–71.
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Cecilia St. George-Hyslop, Jennifer Thomas, Linda G. Fazari; Understanding Stage II Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunts. Crit Care Nurse 1 December 2017; 37 (6): 59–71. doi: https://doi.org/10.4037/ccn2017327
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