Sara Knippa, ms, rn, cns, ccrn, pccn, accns-ag, and Carol Ann Rauen, ms, rn-bc, ccrn, pccn, cen, are the column coeditors. Carol is an independent clinical nurse specialist and education consultant in St. Augustine, Florida, and Sara is a clinical nurse specialist/educator in the cardiac intensive care unit at University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado. They welcome feedback and practice questions from potential contributors at



Tracey A. Boyd, msn, rn-bc, ccrn, cen, is the Assistant Director of Education at Northern Westchester Hospital, Northwell Health, Mt. Kisco, New York. Tracey wrote the CCRN review questions.


Cheryl Rader, bsn, rn, ccrn, csc, is a staff nurse III in the cardiovascular intensive care unit at Saint Luke’s Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri. Cheryl wrote the Cardiac...

You do not currently have access to this content.