Sara Knippa, MS, RN, CNS, CCRN, PCCN, ACCNS-AG, is the contributing editor of the column. Sara is a clinical nurse specialist/educator in the cardiac intensive care unit at University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado. She welcomes feedback from readers and practice questions from potential contributors at [email protected]. Sara wrote the introduction.


Carol Ann Rauen, MS, RN-BC, CCRN, PCCN, CEN, TCRN, is an independent clinical nurse specialist and education consultant in St. Augustine, Florida, and a staff nurse in the trauma intensive care unit at Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, Florida. Carol Ann wrote the adult CCRN review questions.


Melanie Muller, MSN, CRNP-AC, is a pediatric cardiac surgery nurse practitioner in the Children’s Heart Program, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland. Melanie wrote the pediatric CCRN review questions.


I know a nurse who probably saved a life (or at least prevented serious...

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